Abducted by Circumstance


An ordinary, middle-aged woman in an ordinary, middle-aged life, Carol Seaborg lives in the Thousand Islands area along the U.S. and Canadian border. One night, while standing at a lighthouse, Carol chances to spot a woman named Glenda, not knowing she is the last person to see Glenda before she disappears.

The latest novel from acclaimed author David Madden, Abducted by Circumstance is about Carol’s unraveling—her tensions, her fears. Carol is in her second marriage, but her husband is crude at worst, remote at best. Then there’s the rest of her family: an adolescent son who is somewhat estranged, a bright five-year-old daughter, a father trapped by his own intellectual obsessions, and a mother who committed suicide.
As the local law enforcement and media suspect that Glenda has been murdered, Carol begins to project her own imagination into Glenda’s experience. Besides the imperfections of the damaged family relationships in her life, Carol is also struggling with personal problems, not the least of which is her own battle with breast cancer. The events involving Glenda’s disappearance take place just days before Carol’s second surgery for the disease.

Carol begins to have “conversations” with Glenda, and her own search for the missing woman becomes a mission of self-discovery. Part detective mystery, part soul journey—and thoroughly absorbing from start to finish—Abducted by Circumstance explores its central character’s troubled psyche with the rare precision and insight that have long distinguished David Madden’s fiction. [jacket copy]

Now available at Amazon.com.
If you wish to have a personally inscribed copy contact David Madden.
Listen to David Madden read from
Abducted by Circumstance.

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

Download chapter one of Abducted by Circumstance by David Madden


[suffusion-the-author display='description']
 Posted by at 6:43 pm

  47 Responses to “Abducted by Circumstance”

  1. Congratulations and good luck with your new book! I took some photography classes under Blake. I had no idea his father was an author. This sounds like a winner.


  3. Fascinating. Evokes vivid visuals as I quickly slip into Carol’s life.

  4. Jerry David, hope to see you at the Kentucky Book Fair this coming Saturday. Looking forward to visiting with you and purchasing a couple of your books I haven’t read, God willing. Steve

  5. Mr. Madden: I’m hoping to take your course in February. I printed the first chapter of this novel so I could read it several times. It is so gripping and horrible and interesting and so creative but I am a little confused, and I don’t THINK I’m stupid. I had trouble figuring out that Carol was thinking for the abducted woman. How does that work? She imagines what is going on even when the woman is long gone? And where is the punctuation? If these are dumb questions I’m sorry, I’m just trying to learn to write myself, and although this chapter is gripping I had trouble understanding it. Maybe I’m just not abstract enough.

    I’m so curious as to why you needed Glenda. Why didn’t Carol become the abductee? Maybe I just need the rest of the book.

    • David Madden

      ABDUCTED BY CIRCUMSTANCE is unique in several ways, mainly in the process of the protagonist’s extremely imaginative compassion and in the techniques I needed to employ to render that process. The many readers, including many well-published novelists, who have given me their responses have said something like what you say: confusing at first, but gradually clearer and clearer and more and more powerful by virtue of going through those steps. Carol, we sense and later learn, is already confused about her life when she assumes the woman she admired at the lighthouse has been abducted by the man she saw earlier. As she imagines the progress of the abduction, she is much more confused, so that she and the reader are having the same experience, and I as author imagined stylistic techniques for rendering that process. Every word is attributed to Carol’s perceptions, her emotions, her imagination, her intellect, so that I as author cannot [and do not want to] explain anything to the reader. This novel, and the novel to which it is in some ways directly and indirectly related, THE SUICIDE’S WIFE, are not to be read as basic models for writing a novel. Each of my novels is very different from the others, but especially those two, and the one coming next: LONDON BRIDGE IN PLAGUE AND FIRE. I teach a more basic approach.

      You ask why do I need Glenda, why not let Carol get abducted? The novel is not about someone getting abducted, it’s about one woman empathizing in the extreme with another woman, while dealing with ongoing everyday aspects of her life. I would never write a novel simply about an abduction, a thousand times already done, well and poorly, and passionately motivated some one will write another.

      Read on, dear reader.

      • Thank you. That all makes perfect sense. As I read it the first time I began to suspect that Carol was emotionally off balance, and that is when it became so gripping. I have no idea how you get inside a person’s head like that.

        What would you suggest for reading for me an aspiring novelist? I am currently reading Atlas Shrugs and also plan on re reading the Fountainhead.

        Can you tell me more about your class. I am a senior citizen and I have written 3 suspense novels. I have never taken a class, and I was an art major, not english. http://www.floweredevents.com/Annie.html


  6. David Madden

    Ayn Rand is fine just for interesting reading, but you do well to read novels that are models of the art of fiction. In your own field: Georges Simenon [not the Maigret series, the psychologic novels], Margaret Millar, Ross Macdonald, Kenneth Fearing [also a poet]. For others, see my list in my book REVISING FICTION, out of print, but Amazon sells used copies cheap.
    I teach the art of fiction through revision of drafts of stories. Hard work, in the workshop; no touchy-feelie stuff. Still it is both fun and exhilarating.

  7. Your response this morning to my question (on the Jim Engster Show) was disappointing. You offered up pretty platitudes: read extensively, work at your craft diligently, produce good work . . .
    And then what? Submit your unsolicited mss to the overflowing slush piles?
    The truthful answer to my question is this: Young writer, get thee to a prestigious MFA program and once there network, network, network. Make the influential contacts that will land your mss on an editor’s desk, where it will be read with a positive attitude.
    Everybody involved in the world of literary fiction (as it operates today) knows this! Even the comments you get from others are attempts to ingratiate.
    The refusal to speak the truth calls to mind a certain Hans Christian Andersen fairy tale.
    I think Revising Fiction is excellent, and I appreciate the effort you’ve made to get neglected books rediscovered. I’ve used your lists in Rediscoveries I and II and have often been rewarded. But there are more than published and now-forgotten novels that need a fair reading.

  8. David Madden

    I could barely hear your question and I had seconds to answer what really requires a few hours of class time to be of any value. I misunderstood your question, thinking you were asking what a writer should do to become a better writer, and my short, air-time answer stands, augmented by REVISING FICTION, which I am glad to know has been of value to you, along with REDISCOVERIES. Over the years, many people have written to me with similar responses, a few of which are on this website or on the internet if you google the title.

    I gather from your comments that your question was, What should a writer do to get published? I assume the writer you have in mind is one who has already learned the art of fiction and applied it in a novel close to being publishable. In that case, everything you say about MFA programs–networking, etc.– is true to my experience and to what I have told hundreds of writers and will tell the next one who writes or calls.

    You leave out, however, two other advantages: the writer can write for three or more years supported by a grant, meagre though it often is, and , above all, a writer can prepare to teach writing [but only after publishing a novel that proves mastery of the art of fiction]. The writer has, I assumed, carefully examined all the options and concluded that that is the best way to spend time (which will include teaching freshman English, among other things).

    More writers than we know still read, learn, and write in solitude, send their work to an agent or an editor [even though both are difficult to reach, but not impossible] and still get their work published.

    A word about my own experience in writing programs. I was in the master of creative arts program at San Francisco State in the late 1950’s during the beat era and at Yale Drama School, 1959-60, but, although I know very well that networking works and is valuable, I have very seldom asked or expected anyone to intervene for me with a publisher, preferring to let my work succeed or fail on its own merits. That’s my personal feeling, not my recommendation for everyone, and that, I swear on the grave of Hans Christian Andersen, is the truth– as I see it.

  9. A good, fair-minded answer.
    Some people’s lives are such that an academic career is not possible. Or, after years of being a reader, they begin to write when age and obligations limit their options.
    They write, but the product of years of work meets the vast silence of indifference. Long ago you declined to look at a novel I had written — you informed me that you didn’t take on “unsolicitated appeals.” I was disappointed but not resentful; I already knew the way things worked, and at least you responded to my request. You listed the many obligations that you had, and that those obligations result in your being selective in what you read. But who gets selected?
    I can observe, think, and reach conclusions: I see others make contacts, mostly through MFA programs, and find success with inferior work. This can’t be a healthy situation for literary fiction.
    An editor of a prestigious magazine (who also declined to look at my work) wrote me: “You’re right — it’s all MFA all the time. Don’t quite know what to do about it.” Nor do I.
    On a personal level, I’ve found that resignation is the best route.
    Resignation was not an option for Thelma Toole. She understood what she needed to do. I describe the convoluted path to publication that CONFEDERACY OF DUNCES took in “Dear Dr. Percy, Please Help Me!” If someone clicks on my name, they’ll find the piece.
    REDISCOVERIES is a worthy enterprise. I have a special place in my heart for the neglected novel. I wonder why?
    Anyway, thanks for your answer. You could have bitten my head off, but instead you were considerate.

  10. David, I read, liked a bunch, and understood Abducted By Circumstance. How’s about sending an old friend a photo or two of us taken at the Frankfort Book Fair? Be well, God bless, and keep writing… Steve

    • David Madden

      Okay, soon as I can dig it up. Too many deadlines I am meeting right now. David

      • David, I was a student at Appalachian State in 1961 when you came out with The Beautiful Greed. and I have an early edition of that book. I was introduced to you by a young man named Ken Burke. I’m glad to see you’re still at it. I was playing bit parts in Horn in the West in those days. as well as going to school. Good luck and keep on singing

      • David Madden

        Don, Remind me more about yourself and ways I knew you. I am very happy to hear from you, especially because in late August I return to Appalachian State as distinguished writer in residence for 8 weeks, and many fine memories of that year I taught there and was in HORN IN THE WEST and was announcer at the local station come vividly to mind. I worked on other novels and books there on Grand Avenue and in two different farm houses, returning two more summers after Yale Drama School: CASSANDRA SINGIING, WRIGHT MORRIS, JAMES M. CAIN, PLEASURE DOME, and other plays and stories. Ken Burke was one of my first students and I crave knowing where he is these days. Every good wish, David

  11. Unfortunately, I cannot think of much more to connect us, except that I played the part of Gov. Tryon and one of the settlers when David French was director of Horn in the West. Ken told me about you (with great enthusiasm) and then we went out to the farm house to visit you briefly. (I have signed copy number 7 of Greed.) Ken left ASU and I lost touch; I believe he was from Kannapolis.

    My brief story is that after graduation (BS, English) I taught English and Theater Arts at Ashley High in Gastonia 1961-5, then went into the insurance business for almost 35 years, retired in 1999, received my MA in Liberal Studies at UNC-W in 2001, and am now 21 hours into the MA in English program at UNC-W. I have done some informal editing ( For example, my friend Dr. James C. Burke—no relation to Ken, as far as I know— is shortly coming out with what I believe will be the definitive work on the North Carolina Railroad, and will next work on the NC Railroad and the Civil War Years.).

    It seems that those early years under the influence of Eggers, Williams, et al, won’t go away, and I am continuing my studies, now strictly as a pastime.

    I was among the former students who went on pilgrimage to Boone June 10 for our 50th reunion. We had a great time. Really, I wish I were doing my MA in English there, but since I live in Wilmington, UNC-W is the practical reality.

    You see, I have followed your career electronically with admiration, and I continue to do so. I wish I could see you while you’re in Boone, but from Wilmington it’s a fair drive but not quite long enough to warrant a good plane trip. David, thanks very much for being in touch, and have a happy summer in Boone!



  12. David Madden

    I appreciate all that you tell me here, Don. My son went to UNC-W a few years ago. He’s a fine photographer. Is Black Mountain closer than Boone? In any case, come see me here, and let’s talk about the good old times. Did you see the production of my play CASSANDRA SINGING uptown in an old basement? Romulus Linney liked to say it was wonderful–and he was never wrong. I miss him. David

  13. I’d love to see you while you’re in Boone, David. Grad school keeps me busy, so I don’t know whether I will get up there. If so, I’ll send you a message so we can work out when is good for both. I did not see CASSANDRA but I well remember it! I’m glad to know about your son; Boone is a special place. Black Mountain and Boone require approximately the same time to travel from Wilmington. Don

  14. Dear Mr. Madden,

    You stopped in my office today and asked about a piece of property on Shulls Mill. I just wanted to say
    what a pleasure it was to meet you and wish you luck on your search for the history of the property.
    If you are ever this way again I hope you stop in and say hello. Coffee pot is always on.
    Sherri Giles
    105 Realty Place
    Beautiful Foscoe – outside Boone

    • David Madden

      Sorry, Sherri. I thought I replied. I enjoyed visiting with you very much, and I did find the site of the hotel. Hope to see you for some coffee within the year sometime.

  15. I read your article on the Sultana with interest.
    My 2nd. g.grandfather, Crawford Davis of Blount Co., was a survivor who, according to family history, floated ashore on a timber.
    Have you ever seen a roster on the passengers on that vessel?

    • David Madden

      Yes, you will find the roster in books by Potter and by Selecker on the Sultana, and in LOSS OF THE SULTANA AND REMINISCENCES OF SURVIVORS, reprinted by U.of Tenn. Press, with my long introduction.

  16. You discussed the Sultana with 1900 casualties. In early 1945 two German vessels loaded with refugees from the advancing Red armies were sunk by Soviet submarines in the Baltic. As I recall, 6000 casualties resulted from one sinking, 9000 from another.

    The Lusitania was sunk by military action within three years of the sinking of the Titanic with about the same death toll as the Titanic.

    • David Madden

      I am familiar with the two German vessels, and more.
      As you read in my article, the Sultana is the worst disaster in U. S. history, not world.

  17. I just read your article in the ACT concerning the sinking of SULTANA. HOW EYE OPENING. I thought i was knowledgeable of the civil war but this article and info about the sinking was so informative. Thank You! I must add I was raised in Manassas, Va, south by five miles. Lots of discoveries when I was a boy. Plus my great-grandfather died as a civilian pow at Elmira federal prision in Elima New York. HE WAS 46 AT DEATH AND HAD FIVE SONS WHO SERVER IN THE 4TH VA CAVALRY, LEES SCOUTS, SO THE FACT THAT YOU WHERE THE FOUNDING DIRECTOR OF THE U.S. CIVIL WAR CENTER, REALLY IS NEAT. Holmes was an early names in virginia, having came from Scotland in the late 1500’s or early 1600’s I have not established a definite date or close date so its intriuing to know of you and especially know you are close by. THANK YOU

    • David Madden

      You are very welcome. The article stirred a great interest. I will respond more fully later. I want to collect information such as yours, perhaps in more detail.

  18. Although I was aware of the Sultana disaster (I’ve read Foote’s superb 3-volume history.), the Titanic losses make an interesting comparison to contemplate. Better communications in 1912 may have had something to do about the ongoing publicity about the Titanic. And the loss of another 1600 lives may have been a mere footnote to the 600,000+ deaths during the 1861-65 conflict. I read recently that a “coal torpedo” may have been the cause for the boiler exposion. And for Mr. Holmes, I lived near Elmira, NY for 20 years, and have seen the many Confederate graves in Elmira. Survivors of that prison camp named it “Hellmira.” Thanks for an interesting article in the ACT!

  19. David Madden

    You are welcome, sir. Let me get back to you later. I am going to Knoxville early tomorrow to talk about the Sultana.

    • David Madden

      Salecker’s DISASTER ON THE MISSISSIPPI goes into theories about the explosion in great detail. Thanks for your comments. David

  20. Think of you often and of how much you have meant to me and my career at NC State since those wonderful days at Centre. I finally decided to work of Donne (book 8 is just out) instead of Fitzgerald, am now a widower after 40 years of marriage to a very bright and beautiful University of Florida woman (31 year old daughter). I wish I had the words to tell you how much you have meant to my life and career; I’ve even copied some of the classes you presented, especially with pictures of loved ones like you did, and stories about travels like you took us on—-I still remember the paper on F. Scott that I wrote for you, which you asked if it was all mine! (Of course it was–thanks to you teaching me about explication and analysis.) You–and Aubrey Williams at University of Florida–were my true mentors and models. . . . Thanks, Tom

    • David Madden

      I think often of you, too, Tom, and take great pride in seeing new work on Donne coming out. Please send information on your latest so I can buy it and have you inscribe it when I see you, as I am likely to, now that I live in Black Mountain, Western North Carolina. Come see me. Or mayhap I will come there in good time. I love Donne intensely. In my new novel, LONDON BRIDGE IN PLAGUE AND FIRE, out in July, I mention that Donne’s statue escaped the fire in St. Paul’s. You may remember that John Fischer was head of my department for a while; you was a prince. What you say about my effect upon you as your teacher moves me profoundly. You are among those of my students for whom I had and have great respect. I remember you at Centre vividly, and wish I had a copy of your Fitzgerald paper. What a grand tour we took into the heart of darkest Eastern Kentucky. I have a dvd version of the movies we took. Do you want a copy?
      I wish I could have met your wife. You knew mine, and she remembers you fondly.
      We often speak of you. Keep in touch, especially with a hand shake soon. Thank you for being a wonderful memory of my teaching days. David

  21. David Madden’s Abducted by Circumstance is a textbook on Point-of-View.

    David Madden’s Abducted by Circumstance (University of Tennessee, 2009) is his second novel set in the Thousand Islands region of up-state New York, and it is interestingly tied to The Suicide’s Wife (Bobbs Merrill, 1978) by the fact that the principle character in Abducted by Circumstance lives in the house that used to be occupied by the principle character in The Suicide’s Wife, and she faces some of the same challenges and experiences.

    What makes Abducted by Circumstance interesting and compelling is Madden’s use of point of view. He has made the technique of fiction a life’s study, and he always demands close attention from his readers. What happens in Abducted by Circumstance can be summarized very quickly. A woman named Carol Seaborg on an outing in zero weather with her daughter to a lighthouse near her home in the Thousand Islands sees an attractive older woman who suddenly disappears. The woman is Glenda Hamilton and she has apparently been abducted by a serial rapist and killer who has been operating in the Watertown area. Everything that happens in the novel from that moment on is filtered through the imagination of Carol Seaborg

    I realized when I got to the end of Abducted by Circumstance that I had no notion what really happened to Glenda Hamilton. The plot is her creation of what she hopes has happened to Glenda based on her own needs and wishes. She exposes enough of her own life to suggest and explanation for the fantasy she imagines for Glenda. Very much like the story that Quentin Compson and Shreve McCaslin weave out of Shreve’s ignorance of the South and Quentin’s needs in Absalom, Absalom!, the story of Glenda Hamilton in Abducted by Circumstance must be understood in relationship to the hints about the life of Carol Seaborg.

    Reader’s interested in the craft of fiction, especially in the creative use of point of view are urged to read Abducted by Circumstance. They may well also want to find Madden’s early (1966) short story “The Singer” in the Kenyon Review. Madden could write a book on the craft of fiction; in fact he did: Revising Fiction: A Handbook for Writers (Barnes and Noble, 1988).

  22. I just finished re-reading Abducted and want you to know that I enjoyed it even more the second time —
    I had forgotten how intensely Carol wills Glenda alive or the irony of abduction as salvation (?) — always that question, which accompanies all talk of salvation, especially when we mean more than just staying alive. I love the deftness of your charactrers — so rare to have them done with both intensity and substance (on one hand) and a light touch too.
    Bravo! O admire your work so much! Many thanks for sharing all you have shared with me, Kelly W

  23. Abducted by Circumstance should be read by any mother who considers committing suicide.
    What a grim novel. Carol seems locked out at every turn. Although Melissa was funny at times, her future doesn’t look too bright either.
    Wish you’d clued the reader in to whether or not Glenda outwits her abductor in the end. Suspect she doesn’t.

    Yours in Thomas Wolfe,


  24. As David Madden demonstrates in his exquisite novel, ABDUCTED BY CIRCUMSTANCE, he is one of the few male writers who excels in writing about the feminine experience. His empathy and use of detail in the story of a woman obsessed not only with her own complicated existence, but with the life and strange disappearance of another, more glamorous woman, reveals an author at the height of his powers. This complex book — part crime story, part psychological tour de force — also indicates by it’s very structure the challenges of being female in an increasingly fragmented time. Indeed, ABDUCTED BY CIRCUMSTANCE is nothing short of a masterpiece.

    – Rosemary Daniell, author of Fatal Flowers, Sleeping with Soldiers and other books

  25. Dear Jerry: I found ABDUCTED . . . an engrossing read, and flawless in execution–leaving me nothing, as an editor, to fault you with. You’ve managed, through apt references to “landmarks” of an area, to deliver a sense of place well worthy of a long-term resident of the Thousand Islands. The many central characters are beautifully realized, and alll of them significantly individualized, even Carol’s five-year-old daughter. I especially admire the deft touch of the sound of all their family names, which offers a clang of authenticity that adds depth to the readers’ immersion in the overall, complex experience.
    All the very best from your old pal, Walton

  26. David, here is my response to *Abducted by Circumstance,* which I posted on Amazon–I’d like you to include it on your new website. I’m eager to read your next one!

    David Madden’s chilling and absorbing novel tells the story of a literal and metaphorical abduction. On the literal level, we participate in an experience completely outside the realm of ordinary life, as we enter the world of a sophisticated, self-possessed woman who has been kidnapped by a serial killer. We feel the power of the blow that throws her helplessly into his truck where she’s handcuffed to the floor, are privy to her thoughts as she struggles to maintain emotional control and save her own life, smell the adductor’s breath when he comes near. In other words, we experience concretely one of the most frightening situations a woman can fall victim to from the perspective of a woman who refuses to be victimized. At the same time, we enter the life of a wife and mother who witnesses the abduction and is captured by what she has seen. As we follow her through her days, we become aware that she too is in crisis, but hers is existential. Bored and aimless, she combats her despair by imaginatively participating in the novel’s real abduction until the unexpected conclusion. This novel is a small gem that glitters like the ice in the opening scene; once you start reading it, you won’t put it down.

  27. David Madden has achieved something rare in contemporary fiction in his latest novel “Abducted by Circumstance”. Madden has constructed a novel that slowly and deftly reveals the inner-workings of a troubled woman’s imaginary life. The woman, Carol Seaborg, is as complex a character as I can think of, and also incredibly imaginative. But Madden does not tell you this, rather he slowly reveals it, thus making the act of reading the novel mysterious and engaging in and of itself. The result is a literary page-turner. By interweaving Carol’s immediate perceptions along with her skewed memories, dim dreams, and stubborn fantasies, Madden reveals a woman deeply affected by everyone and everything in her life, affected to the extent that she has become something of a neurotic mess. But if she has a saving grace, it is that which is most unique in her, her own personality. And so as Carol spends her time investigating a supposed kidnapping, she indirectly confronts her own past, her own demons, so to speak, and in confronting her past, she begins to regain some scant control of her life, moving one small step closer to her own authentic self.

    In the tradition of Faulkner’s “Absalom, Absalom!”, Fellini’s “8 1/2” and Resnais’ “Last Year at Marienbad”, Madden further develops the ways memories, dreams, and fantasies can be represented in narrative and dramatic art. Even while blending the genres of thriller and domestic drama, Madden maintains a psychological realism and never brings out the big guns. Where Faulkner is thunderous and Fellini carnivalesque, Madden’s art is much subtler. And his management of a woman’s psychology is subtler even still, and we the readers reap all the benefits. For in navigating this finely crafted work, we find ourselves participating in the unfolding of the narrative itself, as if helping to unravel the tapestry along with the artist. The result is invigorating and surprisingly vital. It is a novel to be read and re-read.

  28. Mr. Madden,

    My name is Patrick Ian Hackney. I am the young man who was in the production of A Lesson Before Dying that you attended in May in Asheville, NC. You told me to look you up when I got home, so I have. I wanted to thank you again for coming to see the show, and for your kind words. Hope you are doing well.


    • David Madden

      I’m glad you followed up. And I want to follow your talent on whatever stage is next. Please keep me informed. Every good wish, David

  29. Thank you for your story on the Sultana. My Great uncle Landon Graham from Lavaca,Ark was a survivor on that fateful boat. He recieved burns on his body but survived somehow. He was a pvt in the Tennesee regiment. I wish there was a way to make the US recognize, what truely happened that night back in 1865. Thank you for keeping their memories alive.

    • David Madden

      I am so glad my article benefited you in your remembrance of your great uncle. Google LOSS OF THE SULTANA AND REMINISCENCES OF THE SURVIVORS for an excellent book about it, and for my long, deeply felt introduction. Every good wish, David

  30. Realizing he would need as much muscle as possible to defeat
    the Moran gang and ward off any other challengers to this empire, Capone recruited members of other ethnicities and races including Poles, Jews, blacks, and Irish.
    As Buggy was outside keeping watch, a television set came crashing out the
    window followed by the toaster. Castellano had recently been arrested
    on multiple racketeering charges.

 Leave a Reply

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>